Testes Problems: Testes Treatment and Diagnosis

The scrotal temperature is about 3-40 C below the inner body temperature. Testes produces hormones including male hormone testosterone (a steroid hormone) and sperm (spermatozoa). The epididymis is just to the side of testes. Vas deferens are tubes (one on each side) carrying sperm from testes to prostate and run along blood vessels of the testes. Find out more about the testes and scrotum and how to keep them healthy here.

Testes and Scrotum Symptoms


There may not be many symptoms with testes and scrotum conditions. Some of the manifestations are:

    • Pain in the testes: testicular pain may arise due to the conditions in testes or due to other organs (referred pain).
    • Swelling with or without redness: swelling testicle could be benign (non-cancerous) or malignant (cancerous).
    • Injury to testes
    • Absent testes
    • Male fertility problems
    • Non-testicular symptoms

Testes and Scrotum Problems


  • Developmental issues: birth defects like absent testes, undescended testes, chromosomal abnormalities, absent vas and sexual differentiation. Cysts of epididymis: blockage of the tubes leading to collection of fluid
  • Inflammatory and infections: (Called orchitis)
  • Viral: mumps, coxsackie, marburg, choriomeningitis, dengue
  • Specific bacterial: gonococcal, syphilis, chlamydia trachomatis, escherichia coli, klebsiella pneumoniae, pseudomonas aeruginosa, staphylococcus and streptococcus species
  • Nonspecific: auto-immune, urinary infections
  • Trauma: testicular injury: blunt or sharp
  • Torsion: twisting of the cord and the testes
  • Hydrocele: collection of fluid around the testes
  • Haematocele: blood around the testes
  • Pyocele: pus around the testes
  • Varicocele: varicose veins (prominent and tortuous veins) of the spermatic cord
  • Male infertility: inability to impregnate
  • Tumours: Benign and malignant tumours (Cancers) of the testes
  • Scrotal problems: sebaceous cysts where the ducts of sebaceous glands get obstructed producing cysts.
  • Scrotal skin infection is similar to skin infection anywhere on the body.
  • Scrotal skin cancer is fortunately rare and used to be common in chimney sweepers (‘soot wart’)

Our Urological Services


London Urologist are specialists in the diagnosis and treatment of testes and scrotum conditions including:

We offer a range of services to our patients including our which include:

  • Ultrasound of the testes
  • Ultrasound of the kidneys
  • Ultrasound of the bladder
  • Blood Substances tests
  • Urine examination

We also advise regular self examination of the testes. As testes are positioned in the scrotum, examination of testes is straightforward and easy. It takes just a couple of minutes for self-examination of the testes and scrotum.

To discuss a specific urological issue or to book an appointment, please contact us or call 020 7486 5566 today. Assessments are carried out for all conditions of the testes and scrotum.

To discuss a specific urological issue or to book an appointment, please contact us or call us on 020 7486 5566 OR

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